Beets (Beetroot)

About Beets (Beetroot)

Beet's scientific name is beta vulgaris and belong to the chenopodiaceus family. Beets are also known as beetroots and their first crops were in the Mediterranean area. Beets are a delicious and nutritious vegetable, due to their high vitamin content, such as vitamin A, C, folate, betaine and minerals like potassium, calcium, phosphorus, also beets have a high concentration of amino acids such as glutamic acid, aspartic, alanine, argine and valine. Beets are an excellent complement to your diet and can be eaten raw in salads, juices or cooked.

Beets (Beetroot) Uses, Properties, and Health Benefits

Beets has been used since ancient times as an aphrodisiac and has been used to treat or improve sexual problems. Beets are one of the best food for anemia and also contains antioxidant and anti-inflammatory substances called betalains that can reduce the risk of cancers. Due to their highly nutritious and fiber content, beet has many health properties such as detoxifier, immune system booster, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and anti-tumor. Beets are commonly used to help increase the quality of life of people with Alzheimer's, heart disease, high blood pressure (Hypertension), obesity and liver disease.

Beets (Beetroot) Nutritional Information

Beets (Beetroot) Nutrition Facts (per 100 g)

Nutrition Facts
Calories: 43
Calories from Carbohydrate: 37.1
Calories from Fat: 1.4
Calories from Protein: 4.5

Total Carbohydrates: 9.6 g
Dietary Fiber: 2.8 g
Sugars: 6.8 g

Total Fat: 0.2
Polyunsaturated Fat: 0.1
Omega-3 Fatty Acids: 5
Omega-6 Fatty Acids: 55

Protein: 1.6 g

Amino Acids
Alanine: 60 mg
Arginine: 42 mg
Aspartic Acid: 116 mg
Cystine: 19 mg
Glutamic Acid: 428 mg
Glycine: 31 mg
Histidine *: 21 mg
Isoleucine *: 48 mg
Leucine *: 68 mg
Lysine *: 58 mg
Methionine *: 18 mg
Phenylalanine *: 46 mg
Proline: 42 mg
Serine: 59 mg
Threonine *: 47 mg
Tryptophan *: 19 mg
Tyrosine: 38 mg
Valine *: 56 mg
*Essential Amino Acids

Vitamins
Vitamin A: 33 IU
Retinol Activity Equivalent: 2 mcg
Beta Caroten: 20 mcg
Vitamin B3 (Niacin): 0.3 mg
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid): 0.2 mg
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine: 0.1 mg
Folate: 109 mcg
Vitamin C Ascorbic Acid: 4.9 mg
Vitamin K Phylloquinone: 0.2 mcg
Choline: 6 mg
Betaine: 129 mg

Minerals
Calcium: 16 mg
Copper: 0.1 mg
Iron: 0.8 mg
Magnesium: 23 mg
Manganese: 0.3 mg
Phosphorus: 40 mg
Potassium: 325 mg
Selenium: 0.7 mcg
Sodium: 78 mg
Zinc: 0.4 mg

Sterols

Phytosterols: 25 mg

References:
https://www.britannica.com/plant/beet
https://www.curesdecoded.com/products/beetroot/142
http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2348/2